sacraments

From the Latin ‘sacramentum’, meaning an oath, as taken by men joining the Roman army. Already by the time of the governor Pliny (112 CE) the term is used of Christian practices—he misunderstood their sacraments to be oaths by which they promised not to commit crimes. The Latin Vulgate translated the Greek mysterion by sacramentum, which led to Baptism [[➝ baptism]] and Eucharist being designated sacraments. Other rites were added to these sacraments by the mediaeval Church, but the Reformers restricted the number to the two most clearly mentioned in the NT (Matt. 28:19 and 1 Cor. 11:23–5). The biblical references to other rites such as confirmation are less clear.
It is generally held that in the Church baptism corresponds to the OT rite of initiation (circumcision), and Eucharist is related to the OT festival of redemption, Passover.

Dictionary of the Bible.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sacraments — • Presents the necessity, the nature, the origin and cause, the number, the effects, the minister, and the recipient of the Sacraments Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Sacraments     Sacraments …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Sacraments — The Holy Spirit grants us the following spiritual blessings through the seven church Sacraments: Through Baptism, we receive the gift of the new birth. Through Chrism (Myron), we receive the Holy Spirit dwelling within us. Through Eucharist, we… …   Dictionary of church terms

  • sacraments — sac·ra·ment || sækrÉ™mÉ™nt n. (Christianity) religious ceremony or ritual believed to have been instituted by Jesus and viewed as a symbol of grace (such as baptism, matrimony, etc.); Holy Communion, holy bread …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Sacraments — ♦ Seven sacred acts which were deemed in medieval theology to confer grace; the most esteemed was the celebration of the mass, sometimes simply referred to as the sacrament . (Heath, Peter. Church and Realm, 1272 1461, 367) …   Medieval glossary

  • sacraments — plural of sacrament present third singular of sacrament …   Useful english dictionary

  • Sacraments of the Catholic Church — This article is an expansion of a section entitled Sacraments within the article: Roman Catholic Church .The Sacraments of the Catholic Church, instituted by Christ and entrusted to the Church, are efficacious signs of grace perceptible to the… …   Wikipedia

  • sacraments/ordinances —    The first generation of Protestants reexamined the Roman Catholic system of sacraments the set of rites performed by the clergy for believers, which were seen as visible vehicles for delivering God s grace. Roman Catholics have seven… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Sacraments of the Living — The sacraments of the living are five of the seven sacraments of the Catholic Church which are classified as such because their chief purpose is to give more grace to the souls already spiritually alive through sanctifying grace.The… …   Wikipedia

  • Sacraments of Initiation — The Sacraments of Initiation are those rituals by which one comes to be one of Christ s Faithful. Catholics According to Canon 842 §2 there are three Sacraments of Initiation: Baptism, Confirmation and the Eucharist. The reception of these… …   Wikipedia

  • sacraments of Christian initiation —    This expression refers to the first three Christian sacraments Baptism, Confirmation,and the Eucharist that are traditionally conferred at the same ceremony on adults and, in the Eastern Churches, on children. These three sacraments initiate… …   Glossary of theological terms

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